As per the Workplace Health and Safety Regulation Part 6.5, Division 1 Subsection 316:If you have successfully completed general construction induction training more than 2 years ago. However, have not carried out construction work in the proceeding 2 years. You will not be permitted to commence work on a Blackwatch Site until your employer has provided you with new General Construction induction Training.
Blackwatch Projects Pty Ltd is committed to ensuring the health, safety and welfare of its workers and any other people who may be affected by Blackwatch Projects Pty Ltd’s operations. In securing health and safety, this organisation will pursue best practice in OHS and to fulfil its statutory duties with regard to OHS at all times.
Resources in terms of personnel, time, effort and financial outlay commensurate with the priority which the company places on occupational health and safety will be made available in order to: comply with all relevant legislation, and ensure the health and safety of workers and others who may be effected by BWP activities. Where necessary, external consultants will be engaged to ensure that health and safety is appropriately managed.
As priorities, this organisation will ensure that:
All visitors to the site must be accompanied at all times while they are on the Construction site. Persons visiting the site on regular bases will be required to complete and comply with Construction and site inductions. Only licensed workers or contractors who hold the appropriate certificate of competence may operate plant or equipment, or conduct activities for which a ticket is required.
The BWP Safety representative will provide you with Site layout information on arrival on site.
EMERGENCY ACTION IN THE EVENT OF A FIRE
FIRE/EVACUATION ALARM SOUNDS
WHEN A SUSPECT OBJECT IS FOUND: -
WHEN A TELEPHONE BOMB/ARSON THREAT IS RECEIVED: -
EMERGENCY CALL SYSTEM
WHEN A PERSON IS FOUND WITH A MEDICAL EMERGENCY:
INTENSE CYCLONE, RAIN/LIGHTENING/WIND STORM
EMERGENCY ACTION IN THE EVENT OF A BUILDING COLLAPSE
ALARMS SOUNDS OR PERSON FINDS OR SUSPECTS A GAS LEAK.
A person conducting a business or undertaking that includes the carrying out of high risk Construction work must, before high risk Construction work commences, ensure that a safe work method statement for the proposed work is prepared or has already been prepared by another person.
A safe work method statement (SWMS) is a step by step analysis of a task or activity; it is effectively a detailed risk assessment of a task and the method for its completion without harm to workers members of the public or the environment.
1) A SWMS must be produced for all High Risk Construction activities e.g.
2) The SWMS content:
Each job step including prescribed activities and its associated Safety and environmental hazards, risks,
Risk ranking and the means of control
Equipment required to perform the task,
Reference to relevant codes of practice or Australian Standards that are relevant or that the job will be done in accordance with training, qualifications and experience required to conduct the activity
An area, or attachable page for the team to sign off on once the pre-task talk has been conducted.
1) All workers must sign off on their companies SWMS Prior to arriving on site
The person supervising/persons involved in installing Construction wiring shall ensure:
All final subcircuits are protected at the originating switchboard by a RCD, which has a maximum rated residual current of 30 mA operating in all live (active and neutral) conductors.
All is provided with overcurrent protection and a RCD.
All switchboards are located so they are readily accessible and protected from damage.
In multi-level buildings distribution boards are positioned in a manner that eliminates the need for flexible cords or cables to be run between levels. This requirement does not apply to work in lift shafts, stairwells, service shafts, formwork, external staging or submains of Construction wiring.
Consideration is given to providing a separate residual current device for each final subcircuit to reduce the possibility of unwanted tripping.
Power Distribution Boards must be heavy duty industrial quality and have individual switches for each power outlet. Double adaptors and piggy back plugs are not to be used at any time.
Electrical work must be conducted by licensed, competent persons only and to approved design standards and drawings. Electrical work must only be conducted when the system is dead, using appropriate isolation procedures. Work can only be conducted live where there is no practical alternative, in which case a detailed risk assessment with appropriate controls is required.
The potential for contact with, arcing or flashes from exposed high voltage electrical conductors or the presence of concealed electrical services will be identified and managed on the site with safe working distances and exclusion zones defined by competent personnel.
Electrical equipment shall be:
Tested and tagged by a competent licensed electrician 3 monthly the prescribed intervals.
Connected to the nearest power outlet and inspected for damage before use.
Power leads are not to be over 30 m
Switched off at the point of supply and removed when not in use.
In good condition, inspected and maintained at regular intervals.
All electrical equipment is to comply with current Australian Standards (AS3012) and/or Statutory requirements.
A register of electrical equipment on site must be maintained by each subcontractor
Scaffolding components, systems and erection methods are to meet current Australian Standards (AS 1576.1), relevant Codes of Practice and statutory requirements. Scaffolding with a working platform height up to 4.0 metres must only be erected by competent personnel with suitable documented evidence of experience. Scaffolding with working platform above 4.0 metres height must only be erected by personnel with the relevant scaffolding certificate of competency and authorisation for site.
Personnel, unsecured equipment and tools are to be removed from mobile scaffolds prior to moving.
Castors on mobile scaffolds are to be fitted with locking devices which must be engaged to prevent movement when the scaffold is in use.
Access to work platforms is to be by approved (typically internal) ladders, stairways etc. Personnel are not to climb on the framing of scaffolds at any time. All work platforms are to be fully planked with handrails, mid rails and toe Company’s fitted. Scaffolding is to be designed and a structural plan prepared by an experienced, competent and qualified person to prevent structure failure. Copies of all plans and relevant documents are to be given to Site Management and kept on site.
All braces, ties, handrails etc. are to be in place and scaffolding components are not to be removed or interfered with at any time by unauthorised personnel.
All scaffolding is to be inspected prior to use and any defective components are to be removed from service and a suitable out of service tag attached. A "Scaffolding Certificate of Conformance is to be provided to Site Management by scaffolding providers for scaffolds above 4.0 metres working platform height prior to use. The Site Manager & Safety Coordinator will ensure that an inspection is conducted of scaffold integrity through daily site inspections.
Work Platforms and Edge Protection
Portable and mobile work platforms must comply with the relevant design standards and have an up to date maintenance log available and checked prior to use. Harnesses, with lanyard attached to a suitable point must be worn in cages and knuckle boom EWP’s. Consideration for inadvertent operation of the controls must be given where overhead structures may come into contact with the control panel as the platform elevates (control panels should be guarded). A pre-start check should be conducted by the competent operator on a daily basis.
Ladders are not to be used as a work platform, except when there is no practical alternative and the potential fall is less than 2m. In these situations 3 points of contact must be maintained.
The following principles must be complied with when using ladders:
Plant and equipment used on site must be appropriately maintained (in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions and codes of practice), registered and a pre-start check conducted prior to use to ensure it is safe. This is particularly important for plant such as cranes, concrete pumps/booms, earthmoving equipment, forklifts etc.
Traffic Control and Mobile Plant
Vehicular access and use of mobile plant must be risk assessed with controls documented on the SWMS prior to work commencing. Clearance zones will be barricaded to prevent inadvertent access to areas mobile plant is operating. Consideration should be given as to whether a stand by person is required to keep pedestrians clear of operating plant/machinery.
Interfaces with public and other roads will be risk assessed and managed using barricading, accredited traffic control personnel etc. as deemed appropriate.
Must be barricaded or covered to prevent falls into, or through, them. Trenches deeper than 1.5m must be battered shored or benched to prevent cave-in and must be barricaded to prevent people or materials falling into them. No digging or trenching work is to occur without a permit to dig Form 24 has been issued by the Blackwatch Projects Pty Ltd Site Management. The location of all services is to be known before the work commences. If however you find a tell-tale or unearth sand or some other fill stop digging and report to Site Manager & WHS Coordinator.
Work at height is conducted in accordance with industry codes and Australian Standards. Only persons that have received training and are competent in working at heights will be permitted to conduct work at heights on the site.
All work conducted where there is a risk of a fall, regardless of the height must be risk assessed with appropriate controls identified in the SWMS Note: for work at heights where there is a risk of falling 2m or more, or where work is within 2 metres of an unprotected edge with potential fall of 2m or more, specific control methods must be implemented.
The order of selection of controls is:
To change to activity to eliminate the need to work at heights
To provide a platform from which to work e.g. scaffolding, elevating work platform
Erection of railings or barriers to prevent falls
Rigging a fall restraint system
Implementing a fall arrest system.
Where there is potential for a fall of 2m, or work conducted within 2 metres of an unprotected edge that may result in a fall of 2m or more, and there is no practical alternative a fall arrest system must be used.
Additional working at Heights Risks
The risk assessment and SWMS must also address:
Falling objects – use of barricading, barrier mesh, demarcated drop zones, sign posting, wrist straps and Safety helmets
Consideration for weather conditions such as wind and rain
Environmental conditions e.g. Lighting, gas, oil etc.
Condition of supporting structures e.g. Roof, ceiling, attachment points. When working on brittle roofs crawl. Fall arrest systems will be used where there is not safer alternative.
Attachment of roofing tiles/sheeting prior to walking on them
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) will be issued to you by your supervisor or employer. You will be advised of the equipment needed in your area or for particular jobs by your supervisor and how PPE should be fitted/used. PPE requirements must be documented in the SWMS. If you are not sure what equipment to wear, ask your supervisor. The following general requirements apply:
All persons on site shall wear the following PPE:
Safety (steel capped) footwear
Additionally all PPE as described in the approve SWMS for an activity
The selection and use of PPE should always take into consideration outcomes of any Risk Assessment or SWMS that has been completed for the task at hand as additional PPE is required for some activities e.g. Use of rotating tools (high impact face shield), welding etc.
SWMS must specifically state the type of PPE required.
PPE: PPE must be worn in accordance with SDS requirements
All persons using PPE shall be competent in its selection, use, fitting, maintenance, storage and disposal. All PPE must comply with relevant Australian Standards.
During the site specific induction the WHS Coordinator will provide information on the location of the site amenities and the site rules governing the use of the facilities. Blackwatch Projects will provide site amenities in accordance with the Code of Practice. All facilities are serviced daily to ensure tidiness and any stocks replenished. Drinking water coolers are regularly inspected and kept clean. Workers are responsible for keeping their space tidy and if they see an area requiring attention they should notify the site manager immediately
Health and safety representatives and health and safety committees provide the means for representation and participation of workers in health and safety matters at the workplace. Worker representation facilitates consultation, involving workers and giving them a voice in health and safety matters
Site Safety noticeboard will be maintained in a common area and will include the following communication material:
Toolbox talks are conducted regularly by the Site Manager or WHS Coordinators or their delegate as a general means of communication to contractors involved with site works. They are designed to convey and exchange important Construction and project information. The agendas are to include reviews of recent incident reports, discussion of any incident or Safety alerts, hazards identified on previous shifts, review the contents of a SWMS prior to commencing a task, how a task will be conducted, what risks/hazards exist, what controls will be implemented and emergency procedures should something go wrong.
The toolbox talk is a discussion with workers, encouraging understanding and participation. Workers should be encouraged to raise concerns or ideas about the job so that risks can be effectively managed. All workers must sign the SWMS as a record of the talk having been conducted and to indicate they understand the contents of the SWMS. The forum encourages participation in raising concerns and ideas and serves as a means of consultation between the Site Management Team and subcontractors. Changes to site procedures or systems are also communicated via this forum.
The Toolbox Talk Record Form is used to record the contents of the meeting and persons attending must sign the attendance sheet as a record. Form 26
All hazardous substances introduced to site must be accompanied by a current Safety Data Sheets (SDS) (< 5 years old) and approved for use by the Site Foreman/ Manager and the WHS Coordinator. A documented risk assessment using the SWMS must be conducted on the use of the hazardous substance prior to work commencing. The risk assessment is conducted using the SDS as a references and identifies risks associated with the substance for the proposed use and appropriate controls and any training requirement. The hierarchy of controls must be considered when proposing the use/purchase of a chemical i.e. can an alternative process be used to eliminate the chemical, or a safer product used to reduce the risk.
a) Registers: All hazardous substances on site must be recorded on the site’s Hazardous Substance Register and SDS’s available where the substance is used (and also to First Aid/ Medical personnel). The WHS Coordinator will maintain the master copy of the register and a copy of all SDS’s on site so they are available in the event of an emergency. The user Name must be recorded on Form 30
b) Labelling: Containers and storage facilities must be labelled in accordance with relevant national standards and codes even when decanted. The labelling must clearly identify the substance, including relevant warning/hazard phrases. Labelling requirements are stipulated in the Australian Dangerous Goods Code.
c) Storage: Hazardous substances should be stored in designated areas with consideration for ventilation, bunding and segregation from other incompatible substances as necessary. Except where specifically arranged contractors must take hazardous substances with them when leaving site on a daily basis.
d) Spill Management: Proposed means for management of spills must be documented on the SWMS and appropriate spill kits for the substance and quantity available on site.
e) First Aid: First aid arrangements consistent with those documented on the SDS must be in place (and documented on the SWMS prior to use e.g. Rinsing facilities, specialised treatment products.
Hazardous Chemical RegisterHazardous Chemical Code of Practice 2003 updated 2012
No Alcohol or illegal Drugs are permitted on any site under the control of Blackwatch Projects.
Workers, contractors or visitors who are taking medication or receiving medical treatment that could compromise their Safety, or the Safety of others, have a responsibility to advise the Site Manager, WHS Coordinator & their supervisor accordingly.
Smoking is only allowed in designated areas on this site. The Site Manager or Health and WHS Coordinator will advise the location of these areas
Manual Handling can lead to muscle and joint sprains and strains. Manual handing will be managed in accordance with legislative requirements, in summary: eliminating manual handling through use of lifting aids, minimising the load, following safe manual handling principles such as bending the knees and keeping the back straight and conducting team lifts.
Manual handling risks must be identified and documented on the SWMS for all activities. Manual handling tasks, at the discretion of the Site Manager & WHS Coordinator will require a manual handling assessment to be completed. Details of the assessment will enable detailed risk identification with the findings and controls documented on the SWMS.
Hazardous Manual Tasks Code of Practice 2011
Housekeeping must be kept to a high standard at all times to ensure:
Appropriate safe and clear access to, from and at the workplace for anyone working or about to work at the workplace. Each worker is responsible for ensuring that their activities are conducted with a high standard of housekeeping and that their worksite is clean, tidy and safe prior to leaving the premises.
BWP conduct site inspections which include monitoring housekeeping as item 7 on the inspection list.
Barricades, bunting, caution tape and warning signs must be obeyed and must not be interfered with. They are all used to warn of hazards and must not be removed or moved without the permission of the Site Manager & WHS Coordinator.
Mobile telephones are recognised to be essential to the conduct business; however the hazards inherent in their use must be recognised and controlled. No mobile telephone is to be used to make or receive calls, or messages, when the user is working at height, in a confined space, operating power tools, mobile plant or any other form of equipment, or is performing any action where the use of the telephone may divert the user’s attention from the immediate task.
All workers arriving on a Blackwatch Projects sites must provide their General Construction Induction (Blue/White Card) to the WHS Coordinator and provide proof as requested that they have been trained in the activity they are to perform at the site. All persons who have not performed in their normal occupation for the previous 2 years are required under the WHS Regulations to undergo a new General induction course
Inspections will be conducted to verify system implementation on site and to identify areas for improvement. These inspections may cover a range of issues e.g. Daily Inspection or specific hazards e.g. Lifting equipment and Scissor lifts, housekeeping etc. The Site Foreman/ manager, the WHS Coordinator and the subcontractors foreman is responsible for Daily Worksite Inspections, verification of implementation of subcontractor SWMSs, and inspections of plant and equipment as it arrives on site as a minimum. Additional inspections should be conducted at the discretion of the subcontractor as relevant to the hazards present on site e.g. Electrical tools, hazardous substances etc.
All Construction incidents where there was actual or potential for harm of injury or damage must be reported promptly to the Site Manager & WHS Coordinator. If the incident is of a notifiable nature it must be notified immediately to WSHQ on the prescribed form 21
An incident and accident investigation form must then be completed, and where an injury occurred, an injury Report Form also completed.
Incident data is collated into the Project Construction Report on a Monthly basis. Details about the incident must therefore be recorded on Incident, Injury and Investigation reports which are forwarded to the client.
Notification must be by the fastest possible means. The options for notifying are to:
Business hours – Phone on 1300 369 915
8.30 am to 4.45 pm, Monday to Friday (excluding public holidays)
Complete and submit the online incident notification form
Fax the completed Incident Notification form to facsimile number (07) 3874 7730
email the completed Incident Notification form to firstname.lastname@example.org.
Outside of business hours
Phone on 1300 369 915 (press 1 at the prompt) to be connected to WHSQ's after-hours messaging service. Your notification details will be referred to a WHSQ on-call inspector who will contact you within a timeframe that has regard to the seriousness of the incident.
If you make the notification by telephone, written notification is not required, WHSQ will provide the person notifying for the business or undertaking with details of the information received
Statutory Reporting Form 21
All statutory reporting requirements and timeframes will be complied with. Typically injuries resulting in 1 day off work are reportable to the Construction regulator, or incidents that had potential to result in loss of life.
Work Health and Safety Act & Regulations 2011 and First Aid Procedure
First aid facilities and personnel are available at all times work is being conducted on site. First aid supplies and equipment will be in accordance with the requirements of the
First aid equipment will be clearly identifiable and conveniently located within 100m of the work being conducted. As a minimum there will be:
One qualified first aider available to administer first aid
Basic first aid training will be refreshed every 3 years, and CPR training 12 monthly. First aiders must first protect themselves when administering first aid with gloves, Safety glasses and resuscitation masks as necessary.
Anyone receiving an electric shock, or eye injury no matter how minor, must be taken to a medial practitioner for care.
Records of first aid administered will be kept using the First Aid Treatment Register and Injury Report Form.
Inspection of First Aid equipment will be conducted at least monthly using the First Aid Kit Inspection Form.
Exposure to noise can permanently damage a person’s hearing and create a nuisance to neighbours. The Construction management team will make all practical efforts to comply with statutory requirements for noise management
When Construction will involve the use of heavy equipment and significant noise generating activities, the Site Manager & the WHS Coordinator will as much as practicable, prevent noise from being a danger to people’s hearing and a nuisance to neighbouring residents. Methods to minimise the impact of noise from operations will include operational controls such as:
Substitution by an alternative process/machine
Restricting times when noisy work is carried out, statutory quiet times are between 7pm and 6am, Monday to Friday and Noon Saturday to Monday morning.
Placement of equipment away from noise-sensitive locations
Screening or enclosures
All Construction plant and equipment used on the Works must, in addition to other requirements, be:
Fitted with properly maintained noise suppression devices in accordance with the manufacturer's recommendations;
Maintained in an efficient condition; and Operated in a proper and efficient manner.
Exposure to more 85dB for more than 8 hours can be damaging to hearing. As a general rule, when the noise is over 85dB you must raise your voice to be heard. Where noise cannot be reduced to a level which is non-damaging to hearing, A SWMS must be produced to enable work to be carried out in a safe manner. Hearing protection must be worn by those conducting and adjacent to the work. Hearing protection such as ear plugs and ear muffs must have the appropriate level of attenuation for the noise level, and be fitted correctly to provide protection.
The Construction management team will identify the types of environmental impacts (risks) and aspects (hazards) that will be encountered on site.
Water quality management
The Construction management team will comply with the requirements of relevant water quality/water way legislation, regulations and the requirements of local water authorities.
Potentially hazardous activities, including washing out of concrete delivery vehicles, washing down of Construction plant are not permitted on site.
Waste management/ Construction compound
It is a statutory requirement that generators of waste are responsible for the appropriate disposal, regardless of whether another party has been engaged to dispose of the waste on the company’s behalf. Blackwatch Projects Pty Ltd Australia Pty Ltd will only engage reputable waste disposal contractors, licensed by the relevant authorities to perform waste disposal. Waste management activities must be recorded on the Waste Register.
Controls will then be implemented in the following order of preference to manage waste issues:
Skid Bin (s) will be provided for depositing of litter and trade waste materials, and their contents disposed of site at a suitable waste disposal station on a regular basis. Tip dockets will be retained as proof of this occurring. The disposal of chemical, fuel and lubricant containers, solid and liquid wastes shall be in accordance with the requirements of the local Council or the environmental protection regulator
Recycling is carried out wherever possible on site using segregated disposal containers e.g. paper, cans/tins/scrap steel, and glass. Lead acid batteries.
Typical waste that will be generated on site is listed below. Appropriate containers and/or designated areas will be established on site, bins etc. provided will be emptied regularly to avoid spills/overflow of materials.
The Site Manager and WHS Coordinator will ensure adequate waste management facilities are available and will check that SWMSs adequately address how contractors control waste they create.
Avoid vegetation removal or damage where possible; preserve existing trees and grass etc. by barricading. Compost on site or arrange for removal by licensed remover.
E.g. Waste oils and lubricants generated during maintenance, re-fuelling or due to spills/leaks.
Maintenance of plant under most circumstances will conducted off site in appropriate workshop. Limited amounts of substances will be permitted on site and storage facilities with bunding provided. Spill kits must be available that are appropriate to the material and volume on site.
Food scraps, card Company, aluminium cans, glass, paper
Provide segregated bins for recycling of domestic waste e.g. aluminium, glass, paper etc. Engage licensed waste remover to collect for the duration of the project.
E.g. soil and old concrete from excavation
Redistribute on site where possible in a manner consistent with site drawings or dispose of in a manner appropriate to the grade or contents of the waste.
Solvents, batteries, detergents and vehicle wash-down water, hydrocarbon waste, waste water treatment plant sludge and residues.
Regulated waste generated by subcontractors in most cases will be required to be removed by subcontractors from the site immediately. Where appropriate Blackwatch Projects Pty Ltd Australia Pty Ltd will provide wash-down facilities with appropriate treatment/separation systems. Where necessary Blackwatch Projects Pty Ltd Australia Pty Ltd will engage licensed waste removers to provide appropriate disposal services.
Air quality management
The Construction project will comply with all statutory requirements governing air quality management.
The Project Manager shall ensure that all its Construction facilities erected on the site of the Works are designed and operated to minimise the emission of smoke, dust, and other substances into the atmosphere.
The Construction management team will employ Construction methods that will keep the air pollution to a minimum and apply measures such as those listed below to ensure that airborne pollutants do not cause undue disruption in the vicinity of the Works.
Access and Traffic Management
All construction requiring traffic to enter or leave the site must have a Traffic Management Plan in place prior to commencement
Ref CoP 2008 and new Draft 2013
Herbicides & Other Contaminants
The Site Manager will plan and execute the work so as to minimise the possibility of pollution of areas adjoining the Construction area, from contaminants such as petroleum products, trade waste, garbage and other noxious substances.
The use and storage of any herbicide or other chemical classified as a poison shall be strictly in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions and the relevant Materials Safety Data Sheets (SDS). See section 10.3 for more details.
Spillage Prevention & Containment
Transporting, handling and storage methods that will prevent chemical, fuel and lubricant spillage on or around the site caused by Construction will be employed. Polluting or permitting pollution of any waterway by a chemical, fuel or lubricant, or any waste material is not permitted.
Refuelling or maintenance of plant and equipment, or any other activity, which may result in the spillage of a chemical, fuel or lubricant on the site, is not permitted without appropriate temporary bunding being provided. Adequate quantities of suitable material to counteract spillage must be kept readily available.
The Project Manager shall promptly notify the Client’s Representative and the EPA of any suspected or potentially contaminated ground exposed during Construction activities. The Site Manager will cease Construction activity in the vicinity of the suspected or potentially contaminated ground until it has been assessed and appropriate protection measures determined. The project will comply with relevant statutory requirements in relation to disturbance or treatment of potentially contaminated ground.
The company shall install any control measures needed to divert surface runoff away from contaminated ground and to treat any surface runoff contaminated by exposure to contaminated ground. Contaminated material removed from site must be recorded on the Waste Register.
Isolation and out of service plant and equipment will be managed in accordance with Blackwatch Projects Pty Ltd procedures. Isolation must be conducted whenever danger can arise to a person due to uncontrolled energies such as:
Deliberate or inadvertent operation of a machine or equipment, Influx of steam, electricity, gas, liquid, solids or compressed air, Electrical energy, Gravitational energy, Mechanical movement of the machine or parts
Isolations will be conducted in accordance with Blackwatch Projects Pty Ltd procedures and will adhere to the following principles:
Be conducted by a competent person (in the case of electricity by a licensed electrician)
Be verified/tested isolated prior to work proceeding.
Personal tags/locks must be placed and removed by each individual
Danger tags will specify "Danger do not operate– Personal danger tag", the person’s name, date and time.
Isolation will not be lifted until all tags/locks are removed.
Relevant permits will be issued e.g. Confined space, penetration/excavation, heights, hot work etc.
Out of Service
Faulty or damaged plant and equipment will be identified using an "out of service" tags and segregated to prevent use. The person who identifies the problem is responsible for attaching the tag. The tag must not be removed until the item is certified safe for use by a competent person. Where repair is not feasible the item will be disposed of by the owner to prevent re-introduction to the work. The out of service tag will state "Danger Out of Service – do not operate", the person’s name, date and the reason for the item being out of service.